© National Railway Museum
Drawing, dated July 1830, of a steam 'locomotion engine' designed by Robert Stephenson (1803-1859), possibly for the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway. The Canterbury and Whitstable Railway opened on 4 May 1830. Most of its 6 mile route consisted of inclined planes worked by stationary engines, but there was a 1 1/4 mile stretch of level track at Whitstable on which Stephenson's locomotive 'Invicta' operated, making it the first steam train to regularly carry passengers anywhere in the world.
Canterbury Locomotion Engine', 1830.