Drawing of George Fowler Perkin of Shadwell, East London, a carpenter and builder who set up the dyestuff firm of Perkin & Sons with his son William Henry Perkin (1838-1907) in 1857. In 1856, whilst attempting to synthesise quinine for the treatment of malaria, William Henry Perkin managed to extract a brilliant purple dye, subsequently named mauveine. His manufacture of this and other aniline dyes was a great commercial success and he went on to create the modern synthetic dyestuffs industry and introduce a new range of colours into human life. He was elected to the Royal Society in 1866 and knighted in 1906.
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