Photograph. In 1833, Robert Stephenson (1803-1859) was appointed chief engineer of the London & Birmingham Railway (LBR), the first railway into London. Running between Curzon Street Station, Birmingham, and Euston Station, London, the 112 mile long line took 20,000 men nearly five years to build, at a cost of five and a half million pounds. Its London terminus was changed to Euston from the original choice of Camden. The Euston 'arch', standing 72 feet tall, was designed by Philip Hardwick (1792-1870). It was completed in May 1838 at a cost of £35,000 and stood as a symbol for the confidence and style of the early railway. It was demolished, amidst considerable protest, between November 1961 and February 1962.
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