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Man standing in a Ford motor car, filming with a cine camera, c 1930s.
Innovations in the design of home movie cameras meant that the cameras were smaller and therefore easier to carry around. In 1932 the Eastman Kodak Company introduced a cine camera which shot 16 mm film, and which ran for four minutes. The image quality, achieved through the use of high resolution emulsions, was excellent. Even smaller cameras using 8 mm film were introduced, although the two favoured format sizes were 16 and 9.5 mm. Advocates of 16 mm cited the risk of film damage due to the centre perforation of the 9.5 format, although there was a greater choice of equipment available for the 9.5 mm user. Combined camera-projector models became available during this period, making amateur film-making even simpler.