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Ludwig Mond, German industrial chemist, c 1890s.

Ludwig Mond, German industrial chemist, c 1890s.
4 0 c m
actual image size: 23cm x 32cm


Ludwig Mond (1839-1909) set up the first ammonia-soda plant in England, producing soda from common salt, ammonia and carbon dioxide. In partnership with John Brunner, Brunner, Mond & Co was formed in 1881, and merged with others in 1926, forming Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd (ICI). Mond discovered that carbon monoxide, combined with nickel in its ore, formed a gaseous compound, nickel carbonyl, which, on heating, decomposed to give pure nickel. The Mond Nickel Company was formed to carry out its production.

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