Invented by the Lumiere Company in France in 1897, the Kinora only came into widespread use when the British Kinora Company reintroduced the concept in 1908. These home viewers came in a variety of styles (this is a folding wooden model) but were all based on the flip book principle; by turning a handle the reel revolved causing the pictures to flip over against a static peg. The apparently 'moving' pictures were viewed through an eyepiece. Kinora reels, such as the one shown in this viewer, were derived from a variety of cinema films. A camera was also available for private individuals to make home movies.
© National Museum of Science & Media / Science & Society Picture Library