The Cinematographe, invented by Auguste (1862-1954) and Louis (1864-1948) Lumiere, was a combined camera, projector and printer. Here it is set up for projection with the driving handle or manivelle on the left and the film gate at the top right. The film ran from the top spool holder through the projector to a box in the stand below. With a similar Cinematographe, the Lumiere brothers gave the first cinema show at the Grand Cafe on the Boulevard des Capucines in Paris, France, on 28 December 1895.
© National Museum of Science & Media / Science & Society Picture Library