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Joseph Priestley, English-American theologian and chemist, 1794.

Holloway, Thomas

Joseph Priestley, English-American theologian and chemist, 1794.
4 0 c m
actual image size: 25cm x 32cm


Engraving by Thomas Holloway, published in 1795, after an original painting by William Artaud. Joseph Priestley (1733-1804) discovered various gaseous elements and compounds, and in an experiment in 1774 obtained a gas which he named 'dephlogisticated air'. This was in fact oxygen, although it was not named thus until the French chemist Lavoisier (1743-1794) repeated Priestley's experiment. Priestley had originally trained as a Church minister, but his radical theological and political views made him a controversial preacher. He strongly supported the French Revolution, and after his house in Birmingham was attacked and burnt by a mob in 1791, he left Britain for America.

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