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Hair hygrometer by Bate, 1830-1840.

Hair hygrometer by Bate,  1830-1840.
4 0 c m
actual image size: 15cm x 32cm


In 1783, Horace Benedict de Saussure (1740-1799), a Swiss physicist and geologist, made the first hair hygrometer, using a human hair to measure humidity. This type of mechanical hygrometer makes use of the principle that organic substances expand and contract according to changes in relative humidity. The device was calibrated by exposing it to extremes of total saturation and dehydration, thereby establishing the hair's length at 0 and 100 % humidity respectively.

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