Temporary suspension of EU shipping, view details here.

'Phrenological Illustrations, or the Science Practically Developed', 1824.


'Phrenological Illustrations, or the Science Practically Developed', 1824.
3 1 c m
actual image size: 32cm x 23cm


Coloured etching by Marks, published by S W Fores of 41 Piccadilly, London, showing two military gentlemen being examined by a large group of elegantly-dresed phrenologists in order to judge their character. The Viennese physician Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) proposed that the contours of the skull followed the brain's shape, with each region responsible for an aspect of personality or behaviour. Feeling the lumps was like reading the mind. He called his system organology, but it later became known as phrenology, derived from the Greek word 'phren' for mind. Phrenology never achieved the status of an accredited science, although the principle that many functions are localised in the brain is now widely accepted.

Image Details

Image Ref.

© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library

buy a print

Select size
Select finish
How many prints?

buy a framed print

buy a canvas

buy a framed canvas