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The constellation Virgo, 1603.

The constellation Virgo, 1603.
4 0 c m
actual image size: 24cm x 32cm


Illustration taken from 'Uranometria' (1603) by Johann Bayer, showing the constellation of Virgo (the Virgin). German astronomer and lawyer Johann Bayer (1572-1625) invented the system for naming stars using letters from the Greek alphabet, a system still used today for the brighter stars - those visible to the human eye without the aid of a telescope. 'Uranometria' depicts the positions of nearly 1000 stars in addition to those identified by Tycho Brahe. The second largest constellation in the night sky, Virgo is notable for containing a supercluster of galaxies. 11 of the 103 galaxies and nebulae clasified in the 18th century by the French astronomer Charles Mesier (1730-1817) are situated in Virgo. Only Sagittarius, with 15, contains more.

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© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library

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