1916 Ford Model 'T' car, Science Museum, London.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
With the Model T, Henry Ford (1863-1947) created a simple and affordable car. This brought motoring within the reach of a huge new market. Every step was taken to simplify and speed up production, including the decision in 1914 to paint cars only in black. The design was introduced in 1908 and by 1927 when the Model T was phased out, over 15 million had been produced. This was the largest production run of any car design in the first half of the twentieth century. Displayed in the 'Making the Modern World' gallery, Science Museum, London.