William Ewart Gladstone, English Liberal statesman, c 1870s.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Carte de visite photograph by W & D Downby. William Gladstone (1809-1898) was born in Liverpool and educated at Oxford from where in 1832 he embarked on his political career. Gladstone was elected Prime Minister three time, first in 1868, and then in 1880 and 1886. Whilst in power Gladstone brought in major reforms to Ireland and established a system of national education in England.