Victor Marie Hugo, French poet, novelist and dramatist, c 1860s.
© National Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Carte de visite photograph taken by the Ghemar Brothers, photographers to the Belgian King. Victor Hugo (1802-1885) was a central figure of the Romantic movement in France, and remembered for his historical novels 'Notre Dame de Paris' (1831) and 'Les Miserables' (1862). Apart from his literary career Hugo was an active republican and in 1876 was elected senator of the Third Republic.