Sir Francis Galton and his wife Louisa, c 1880s.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph of Galton (1822-1911) and his wife Louisa Jane. Galton was an English scientist and cousin of Charles Darwin. His work covered the areas of meterology, colour blindnes, fingerprint identification and mental imagery. He was the founder of eugenics, the science of using controlled breeding to increase the occurence of desirable heritable charactersitics in a population. Plate taken from 'The Life, Letters and Labours of Francis Galton' (Volume 1, 1914) by Karl Pearson.