The second Eddystone lighthouse, Devon, 1708.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Sectional engraving by I Sturt after Bernard Lens. Designed by John Rudyerd in 1708 and completed in 1709, this masonry based, oak and iron lighthouse was the second to be built on Eddystone Rocks, 14 miles off the coast of Plymouth, Devon, in the English Channel. Rudyerd based his design on a ship, reasoning that ships, in general, were good at surviving storms. Having completed it, Rudyerd disappeared and was never heard from again. The lighthouse survived for 46 years before being destroyed by a fire in 1755.