Stephenson's 'Rocket', 1829.
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The Rocket, designed by Robert Stephenson (1803-1859) and George Stephenson (1781-1848), became famous after winning the Rainhill Trials of 1829, a competition set up to find the most efficient locomotive for haulage on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. This full-size, working replica was built by Robert Stephenson & Co in 1935, in the image of 1829. It is shown here at the National Railway Museum in York pulling a reproduction 1830 first-clas carriage from the Liverpool and Manchester line.