Sir Arthur Whitten Brown, British aviator, c 1912-1919.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
As navigator with John William Alcock (1892- 1919), Brown (1886-1948) made the first non-stop crosing of the Atlantic Ocean on 14 June 1919, for which they shared a £10,000 prize awarded by the 'Daily Mail' newspaper. The flight, which took place between St John's in Newfoundland, Canada, and Clifden in County Galway, Ireland, took 16 hours and 27 minutes and culminated in their Vickers Vimy biplane crash-landing on Derrygimla bog in Clifden. Both men were knighted after the flight.