'Putting' in mines in Mid and East Lothian, Scotland, 1842.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Two illustrations from the Report of the Children's Employment Commision. The first image shows a girl in Fife putting a loaded hutchie or trolley, which is attached to her shoulders with a leather harnes. Two smaller children are pushing the trolley from behind. The second image below shows a girl putting in Clackmannanshire. Child labour was a feature of the Industrial Revolution, with children often made to perform particularly difficult and dangerous tasks, for minimal wages. Succesive 19th century Acts of Parliament gradually raised the minimum age of child workers and limited the jobs they could be made to do. The Mines Act of 1842 prohibited the employment of women, girls and boys younger than 13 in British mines.