Charles Stewart Rolls, English aviator and automobile manufacturer, c 1900.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Charles Stewart Rolls (1877-1910) set up a busines selling French and Belgian cars, before going into partnership with Frederick Henry Royce (1863-1933) in 1904 to form the motor car and engine manufacturing company Rolls-Royce. In the same year, Rolls crosed the English Channel by hot air balloon. In June 1910 he made the first non-stop double channel crosing by aeroplane. He was killed in a plane crash a month later, the first Briton to die in that manner.