Charles Babbage, mathematician and pioneer of machine computing, c 1860.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Photogravure after a photograph taken at the fourth International Statistical Congres of 1860 in London. Babbage (1791-1871) was a computer pioneer and inventor, reformer, mathematician, scientist, philosopher and political economist. His Analytical Engine of 1834 was the first calculating engine designed along modern lines and he is said to be the 'father' of computing.