The Forth Bridge from the southern shore, 1889.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate taken from the 'Illustrated London News'. The Forth Bridge is undoubtedly Britain's most famous railway landmark and its distinctive cantilever design is recognisable instantly throughout the world. Opened in 1890, it completed the East Coast railway route between London and Aberdeen. It spans the Firth of Forth, joining the city of Edinburgh and Fife in Scotland. The bridge was designed by Sir John Fowler (1817-1898) and Sir Benjamin Baker (1840-1907), and built by engineer Sir William Arrol (1839-1913). It contains almost 54,000 tons of steel and when completed, the 1.5-mile-long bridge was the biggest in the world.