Holborn Valley Viaduct, London, as projected in 1867.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate from the 'Illustrated London News' (Vol 67/1 596). The viaduct, was designed to improve the situation created by the Fleet River in the Holborn Valley, which forced traffic up a steep hill causing terrible distres to horses 'to the disgust of every person who posesed the slightest feeling of kindnes and tendernes.' The three-arch skew bridge of cast iron composed of 'a perfect honeycomb work of arches', was designed by William Haywood (d. 1894), and its completion cost £2.1 milllion. The viaduct was opened by the Queen in 1869.