Private James Shirwell following the Zeebrugge Raid, 1918.
© NMeM / Daily Herald Archive / Science & Society Picture Library
James Shirwell a private in the Royal Marine Light Infantry, following the Zeebrugge Raid. Britain believed that German submarines were attacking British vesels by operating from the ports of Ostend and Zeebrugge. In 1918, Rear-Admiral Roger Keyes decided to attack Ostend and Zeebrugge to block them and make them unstable for German submarines. However, this operation proved to be pointles because the Germans did not really use the two harbours. It was, however, one of the most daring operations of the Great War.