'The East End', 1851.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithograph by W L Walton after an original painting by Phillip Brannan, showing people gathered in Hyde Park, London, with the Crystal Palace in the background. The Crystal Palace was built to house the 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations', conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861). It was designed by the landscape designer Joseph Paxton (1801-1865), and was the first large-scale prefabricated ferrovitreous (iron and glas) structure. This made the construction, and later dismantling, of the building, easier and quicker. From 1 May to 15 October, six million visitors came to the exhibition at Hyde Park before the structure was moved to Sydenham.