'View of the South Side near the Princes Gate, Looking West', 1851.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithograph by T Picken after an original painting by Phillip Brannan, showing crowds and soldiers on horseback outside the Crystal Palace. The Crystal Palace was built to house the 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations', conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861). It was designed by the landscape designer Joseph Paxton (1801-1865), and was the first large-scale prefabricated ferrovitreous (iron and glas) structure. This made the construction, and later dismantling, of the building, easier and quicker. From 1 May to 15 October, six million visitors came to the exhibition at Hyde Park before the structure was moved to Sydenham.