'Crosing the Andes with serons of Cochineal', c 1845.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Vignette from a lithographic plate showing a herd of donkeys being led through the Andes in South America with serons of cochineal strapped to their backs. Cochineal, or carmine, is a natural red dye obtained from the dried bodies of female cochineal beetles. Taken from 'The Cochineal and Lac Insects' in 'Graphic Illustrations of Animals - showing their utility to man in their services during life, and uses after death' (1845), illustrated by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and R K Thomas and published by Thomas Varty. Printed by J Graf, C Graf, Day and Haghe.