Royal Small Arms Factory, Enfield, London, 1861.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate taken from the 'Illustrated London News', engraved by W J Palmer after a drawing by C I Durham, showing several views of the Royal Small Arms armaments factory. The factory, which opened in 1804, was a major manufacturer of firearms for the British Army. It was originally built to produce the famous 'Brown Bes' musket, and later produced equally well known weapons including the Lee-Enfield 303 rifle and the Sten gun. By the end of the 19th century, the factory was supplying British soldiers with 2000 rifles per week.