Vaccinators, late 19th-early 20th century.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
The 1853 Vaccination Act heralded an era of compulsory vaccination against smallpox. Consequently, a large number of different types of vaccinator were developed by medical men and manufactured by surgical instrument companies. From left to right: Weir's vaccinator; sterilisable double-headed vaccinator by Alfred Cox of London; Cooper-Rose vaccinator by Down Bros of London; vaccinator by Allen and Hanburys of London; Spratley's vaccinator cased with vaccine tube, by Aitken of York.