Brandreth's horse-powered locomotive 'Cycloped', 1829.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate taken from 'History and Progres of the Steam Engine', by Elijah Galloway (1831). The 'Cycloped', owned by Thomas Brandreth, took part in the Rainhill Trials of 1829 which were a competition set up to find the most suitable locomotive for haulage on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway. Powered by a horse walking on a drive belt, it was withdrawn from the competition after the horse fell through the belt after only reaching a speed of five miles per hour. The competition was won by the 'Rocket', designed by Robert Stephenson (1803-1859) and George Stephenson (1781-1848).