Dedication page of Newton's 'Principia Mathematica', 1687.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Dedication in Latin to King Charles II (1630-1685). The 'Principia' (1687) established English physicist and mathematician Newton's (1642-1727) reputation as a great scientist. His discoveries were prolific and exerted a huge influence on science and thought: they include the three laws of motion, the theory of gravitation and the law of cooling. As a mathematician Newton discovered the binomial theorem and the calculus.