Jacques Cousteau, underwater explorer, 18 October 1962.
© NMeM / Daily Herald Archive / Science & Society Picture Library
Jacques Cousteau (1910-1997), French naval officer and underwater explorer, 18 October 1962. Commondant Jacques Cousteau speaking at the Second World Congres of Undersea Activities at Church House, Westminster. Lord Louis Mountbatten opened the Congres, which concerned the nature of creating underwater civilizations. Cousteau spoke of building a village at Marseilles which was to be erected at varying depths in the sea in 1963, in which 12 or so people would live.