Singer Sewing Machine Factory, Kilbowie, Glasgow, 1905.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Exterior view of The Singer Sewing Machine Factory at Kilbowie, near Glasgow in Scotland. Isaac Merritt Singer (1811-1875) designed the first practical lock-stitch sewing machine in Boston, Masachusetts, United States in 1850. Shortly afterwards, in 1853 he founded the Singer Manufacturing Company selling his first sewing machine for 100 dollars. By the 1860s Singer had begun to manufacture sewing machines abroad, setting up his first Scottish factory in Glasgow in 1870, followed by this one at Kilbowie in 1883. By the early 1900s, the Singer company was producing 40 different models with sales of over one million worldwide and had totally revolutionised the textiles industry.