C S Rolls' 12 hp Panhard motor car on the 1000 Mile Trial, 1900.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph from an album of prints collected by English motorist, motor car manufacturer and aviator Charles Stewart Rolls (1877-1910), showing Rolls driving his 12 hp Panhard during the 1000 Mile Trial. The 1000 Mile Trial, which lasted 14 days during April and May 1900, was the first public demonstration of the potential of the motor car as a practical means of long distance travel. The route began in London, went west to Bristol and north to Edinburgh before returning to London. Rolls, who won the trial, founded Rolls-Royce Ltd with Frederick Henry Royce in 1906.