The Voisin-Delagrange powered biplane, 1907.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
This biplane, built by the brothers Charles and Gabriel Voisin for Leon Delagrange, achieved a short flight, or hop, of 80 metres at a height of 4 metres in France in 1907. The Voisin brothers went on to become one of the most succesful of the early European aircraft manufacturers. Delagrange achieved several flying firsts in 1908, including making the first flight carrying a pasenger, but he was killed when his Bleriot aeroplane crashed at Bordeaux in 1910.