Amy Johnson (1903-1941), the English aviator, was the first woman to gain a certificate as a ground engineer and pilot and make a solo flight from England to Australia. Famous for her record breaking flights she joined the Air Transport Auxiliary, a pool of experienced pilots who were ineligible for the RAF, during World War II. She was lost after baling out over the Thames Estuary on one of these routine flights. Photograph by George Woodbine.
© Daily Herald Archive / National Science & Media Museum / Science & Society Picture Library