Resuscitator kit, English, 1774.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Made by Evans & Co of London, this apparatus was used to revive people who were 'apparently dead', by making use of tobacco's stimulant qualities. The bellows were used to blow tobacco smoke up the rectum, or into the lungs through the nose or mouth. Tobacco enemas were popular from the 17th to the early 19th century.