Schneider Trophy Contest programme, September 1929.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
The Schneider Trophy race was one of the earliest contests for pilots. Starting with the first event in Monaco in 1913, the race, sponsored by Jacques Schneider, was intended to encourage seaplane development. The event was always keenly fought and led to many pioneering innovations in aircraft design and engine power. Twelve contests were held between 1913 and 1931 in England, Italy, France and the United States. In 1931, the British retained the trophy permanently after securing their third consecutive win.