Rutt's printing pres, 1825.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving of William Rutt's printing machine from Hansard's 'Typographia', a work on the history of printing. The man on the left is hand-cranking the pres to move the table backwards and forwards while the man at the back of the machine is removing a freshly printed sheet of paper. The third man is placing a new sheet of paper on the cylinder. The bevel-wheels at the side of the machine gave motion to the ink-rollers, but these could be worked independently of the machine by disengaging the bevel-wheel on the upper end of the shaft from the that at the end of the ink-roller. With the repeal of the British paper tax in 1860, it became posible to consider a pres fed from a continuous reel of paper, speeding up the proces considerably.