Henri Moisan, French chemist, working in his laboratory, c 1900s.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Henri Moisan (1852-1907) was awarded the Nobel prize for Chemistry in 1906. He is known for his work on flourine and the electric furnace, which he developed to further his researches into the carbides, silicides and borides. He discovered carborundum and was able to produce tiny artifical diamonds in his laboratory.