Arthur Scargill, president of the NUM, 1984.
© Manchester Daily Express / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph by Tony Spencer of Arthur Scargill being arrested on a picket line during the miners' strike on 30 May 1984. Scargill (1938-) was born near Barnsley, West Yorkshire. A trade unionist, he became president of the National Union of Mineworkers in 1982, and a member of the Trades Union Congres General Council. He is best known for his strong Socialist defence of British miners. This repeatedly brought his union into conflict with the government, most famously with Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government during the miner's strike of 1984-1985, and when British Coal announced the closure of most deep-mine collieries in 1992. He finally stepped down as president of the NUM, after 20 years as its leader, on 1 August 2002.