Re-creation of the 'Colosus' mark II computer, Bletchley Park, 1997.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
This shows control panels of 'Colosus', the world's first electronic programmable computer, at Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire. Bletchley Park was the British forces' intelligence centre during World War II, where cryptographers deciphered top-secret military communiques between Hitler and his armed forces. The communiques were encrypted in the Lorenz code which the Germans considered unbreakable, but the codebreakers at Bletchley cracked the code with the help of Colosus.