Chronographic fixed plate showing the movement of a sword thrust in fencing. Etienne-Jules Marey (1830-1904) was the inventor of the 'chronophotograph' (1888) from which modern cinematography was developed. He also devised a photographic gun (1882) equipped with a sight and clock movement for taking serial pictures. After 1882 he concentrated almost entirely upon serial photography; his subjects included jellyfish, insects, fish, the movement of blood in the capillary vesels and humans.
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