Henri Farman in his biplane, c 1910.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Coloured lithograph by Marguerite Montaut, showing French aviator Farman (1874-1958) flying his 'Farman III' biplane, one of the most famous and widely used of early European biplanes, and the first produced by Farman's factory. In 1909 Farman set world endurance and speed records, and was the first in Europe to fit practical ailerons (a hinged surface in the trailing edge of a wing used to control the roll of an aircraft) to an airplane. A Farman III biplane was the first to fly from England to Ireland. Ernest Montaut (1879-1909) and his wife, Marguerite, were the first artists to capture the Heroic Age of aviation and motor racing.