Hospital ward, Scutari, Crimea, 1856.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Lithograph by E Walker after the watercolour by William Simpson. Simpson became famous when he was sent to the Crimea by the printing firm, Day and Son, to cover the Ruso-Turkish war (1853-1856). The resulting drawings and watercolours were published in April, 1856 by Colnaghi and Sons in 'The Seat of War in the East'. Here Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) is shown in discusion with an army officer at the Barracks Hospital. By imposing strict discipline and standards of sanitation, she greatly reduced the hospital mortality rate.