Astrological chart, 1646.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
This chart is taken from the book 'Ars Magna Lucis Et Umbrae' which was published in 1646 by the Jesuit scientist and inventor, Athanasius Kircher (1602-1680). Kircher wrote on an astonishingly diverse range of scientific subjects including medicine, acoustics, geology, astronomy and mathematics. In his astronomical work, Kircher remained a supporter of the Ptolemaic model of the solar system with the Earth at its centre rather than Copernicus' heliocentric model published in 1543.