Voisin Type III biplanes, c 1914.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Photograph of a row of French Voisin biplanes parked on an airfield. Gabriel Voisin used the box-kite method of construction from 1905. He cooperated with Archdeacon and Bleriot and inspired the succesful Farman designs so popular in Europe after 1910. Powered by a 120 hp Salmson engine, the Voisin Type III was a light bomber and the first aircraft to be credited with shooting down an enemy aeroplane in World War I. Roughly 1000 of the aircraft were built by the French.