Concorde on the runway, 4 February 1977.
© Manchester Daily Express / Science & Society Picture Library
A collaboration between the British and French governments, Concorde made its maiden flight in 1969, and entered commercial service in 1976. Capable of flying at 1450 mph (twice the speed of sound), the aeroplane could fly from London to New York in under 3 1/2 hours. All Concordes were grounded after one of the aircraft crashed near Paris shortly after take-off on 25 July 2000. Flights resumed in January 2001, but in 2003 British Airways announced that it would be retiring Concorde from service in October that year.