The Workmen's Penny Train arriving at Victoria Station, London 1865.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Plate from the Illustrated London News (Vol 65/1p 372). As the railway companies drove their main lines into central London, there resulted 'the wholesale demolition of houses formerly inhabited by people of the working clas'. In some cases the only compensation was the the sum of 1s 6d towards the cost of moving. Parliament insisted that the companies which caused the disruption should provide special services to convey workers between their places of work and the new suburban lodgings to which, it was hoped, they would have moved. This picture shows the commuters arriving at Victoria Station from suburbs such as Camberwell, Brixton and Stockwell.