Acupuncture needles and their application, c 1690.
© Science Museum / Science & Society Picture Library
Engraving by G van der Gucht. Acupuncture is a medical technique which has been practised in China for over 3000 years. It consists of the insertion into the skin of fine needles, at the points or meridians relating to the tisue or organ believed to be disordered. Fig 3 shows the guiding tube and fig 4 the hammer. From 'The History of Japan' (1727) by Engelbert Kaempfer (1651-1716). Kaempfer was a German physician working at the Dutch trading post in Japan from 1690-1692. He asembled a large collection, and on his return to Europe he wrote 'The History of Japan', which records many aspects of the country in the Genroku period (1688-1704).